This marble portrait of Cicero (Fr. Cicéron) was sculpted by Simone Biano in Loro Ciuggena (Born in Tuscany and died in Venice, 1553). The sculpture is signed in the back in Greek, translated to the artist's proper name, "Created by Simon Leikos, the Venetian". He was liberally inspired by antique busts, clearly identified by the XCI Century and much like other portraits of Cicero.
Marcus Tullius Cicero, sometimes anglicized as Tully (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC), was a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul and constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the Roman equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists.
His influence on the Latin language was so immense that the subsequent history of prose in not only Latin but European languages up to the 19th century was said to be either a reaction against or a return to his style. According to Michael Grant, "the influence of Cicero upon the history of European literature and ideas greatly exceeds that of any other prose writer in any language". Cicero introduced the Romans to the chief schools of Greek philosophy and created a Latin philosophical vocabulary (with neologisms such as humanitas, qualitas, quantitas, andessentia) distinguishing himself as a linguist, translator, and philosopher.