This marble bust carved in 1819 was executed by French sculptor Nicolas-Augustin Matte (Paris, 1781 - Paris 1837) depicting the Flemish painter Antoon Van Dyck. The bust was commissioned to decorate the Painter rooms of the Louvr. Sir Anthony van Dyck (22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and Flanders. He is most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England and his family and court, painted with a relaxed elegance that was to be the dominant influence on English portrait-painting for the next 150 years. He also painted biblical and mythological subjects, displayed outstanding facility as a draughtsman, and was an important innovator in watercolour and etching.