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Faro de Punta Higuero

3D model description

Built by the Spanish at a cost of 12,361 pesos, the first lighthouse on Punta Higuero was activated on January 13, 1893 to help guide mariners to Mayaquez Bay and through Mona Passage, which separates Puerto Rico from Mona Island. The tower’s lantern room originally housed a sixth-order Fresnel lens, which displayed a light at a focal plane of sixty-nine feet. An oil lamp was used as the first light source, but this was upgraded to a more powerful oil-vapor lamp in 1913. The U.S Lighthouse Service, which took control of Puerto Rico’s lighthouses in 1900, built a detached, fireproof oil house at Punta Higuero in 1914 to store the volatile kerosene. Also in 1914, Jose Prieto, keeper of the lighthouse, was awarded the lighthouse efficiency pennant for having the model station in the district.

The original lighthouse consisted of a one-story, stone and brick dwelling, built around a thirty-two-foot-tall octagonal brick tower. A Historic American Engineering Record contained the following description of the old lighthouse.

Its Mediterranean appearance came from an elaborate combination of exposed and indented brick work in the faces – around doors and windows – and corners. The “castle” look was further emphasized by reddish stucco imitating stone-work on all facades and the very elaborate exposed brick cornice topped by a parapet built in lace-like brick-work.
Punta Higuero Lighthouse was severely damaged by an earthquake that struck the area at 10:20 a.m. on October 11, 1918, but it was not affected by the tsunami associated with the quake due to its bluff-top location. The nearby lighthouse at Punta Borinquen was rendered unusable by the double-blow of the earthquake and tsunami.

An inspection of Punta Higuero Lighthouse following the tremor and several aftershocks found two serious cracks in the tower that extended clear through the brickwork and were located two and eight feet above the roof of the dwelling. Other cracks were found in the arches above the windows and doors in the exterior walls, and a great deal of plaster had fallen from the walls. The dwelling was vacated, not being considered safe for occupancy by the keepers, and $30,000 was requested to construct a replacement lighthouse out of reinforced concrete. A reinforced concrete yoke was placed around the tower for support until a new structure was finished.

3D printing settings

Printed via XYZ Print using a Da Vinci Mini W+.

Infill Density: Medium (30%)
Infill Type: Rectilinear
Shells: Normal
Layer Height: 0.2 mm
Forst layer Height: 0.35 mm
Print Speed: Low

Supports Enabled:
Support Type: Follow Contour
Density of Supports: Low
Overhang Threshold: 45
Supports Gap: 1 layer
Extended Supports: 0 mm

Raft Enabled:
Raft Type: Rectilinear
Raft Gap: 0.30 mm

X: 2.99 inch
Y: 1.75 inch
Z: 2,65 inch
Scale 1:200

  • 3D file format: STL
  • 3D model size: X 76 × Y 44.5 × Z 67.4 mm



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