The current geographic range of the Asian elephant, Elephas maximus, includes Indochina, Malaysia, Indonesia, southern China, and the Indian subcontinent. Within this extensive range, the Asian elephant utilizes a diversity of habitats that include thick jungles to open grassy plains. Although the current distribution of the Asian elephant is considerable, this species historically roamed from Iraq to northern China. The current retraction of geographic range reflects diminishing population numbers. The Asian elephant presently is listed as endangered by CITES.
The Asian elephant, Elephas maximus, and the African elephant, Loxodontia africana are the only elephant species remaining from a once diverse group, the Proboscidea. The Asian elephant can be distinguished from the African form by its smaller size, smaller ears, convexly curved back, flattened forehead, and the presence of one instead of two lips on the distal end of the trunk.
This specimen is the skull of a juvenile male. It was made available to The University of Texas High-Resolution X-ray CT Facility for scanning by Dr. Timothy Rowe of The University of Texas at Austin, courtesy of the Texas Memorial Museum's Vertebrate Paleontology Laboratory. Funding for scanning was provided by a National Science Foundation Digital Libraries Initiative grant to Dr. Rowe.
This file is a 3D surface model that has been created using the original scan data for this specimen. It can be downloaded and printed out using a 3D printer/rapid prototyper or it can be rendered in a 3D application. These files are typically very large, so we do not recommend trying to download them without a high-speed internet connection.
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